In a report released by Amnesty International on Wednesday, dozens of women spoke of shocking sexual assaults by Ethiopian soldiers and coalition forces during the Tigray conflict, and the researcher said it was surprising that the perpetrators acted without fear of punishment from their commanders.
“All of these forces believed from the outset that it was okay to commit these crimes for long periods of time everywhere, because they clearly felt they could do it without punishment and nothing stopped them,” he said. Donatella Rovera. AP Communications.
She will not speculate on whether any leader, according to the report, has sent a rape signal for the purpose of insulting women and the tiger race. According to Rovera, her work over the years investigating atrocities around the world has been the most terrifying.
According to Amnesty, more than 1,200 cases of sexual violence were reported at the Tigray Health Center between February and April alone. No one knows the actual losses during the nine-month civil war, as most medical facilities in an area of over 6 million people have been looted or destroyed.
According to Amnesty, these numbers probably represent a “small part” of reality. He interviewed 63 women and healthcare professionals.
Dozens of women have been detained for days or weeks and raped several times, he said. There were usually a few men. And 12 women said they had been raped in front of their family. Five women said they were pregnant at the time of the attack. Two said they had nails, pebbles and debris in their vaginas.
“I don’t know if they noticed that I was human,” she said, as she explained to three men how she had been attacked in her own home. At the time, she was 4 months pregnant.
The Associated Press spoke separately from women who spoke of gang rape by combatants associated with the Ethiopian army, prominent soldiers from neighboring Eritrea, and militants from neighboring Amhara province.
Amnesty has not taken any blame for the Tigray forces, which regained control of most of the Tigray region at the end of June. They have since moved to Amhara and Afar, where they are described as an attempt to blockade and apply pressure on their territories. Prime Minister Abi Ahmed. retirement.
Ethiopian and coalition forces withdrew from most of Tigray in June, but some remain in western Tigray, and the Ethiopian government abandoned a unilateral ceasefire on Tuesday, urging Abi to go to war on all able citizens.
Amnesty International’s report calls for accountability for sexual violence in conflict, stating that rape and sexual slavery are war crimes. According to the report, many women in Tigra are now living with the physical and psychological consequences of the attack, including HIV infection and persistent bleeding, the report said.
The Ethiopian government issued a statement in response to the Amnesty report and previously admitted that “some soldiers acted in violation of clear war rules and directives”.
Ethiopia said in a statement that the human rights group had launched a “seditious attack and slander campaign” against the government, and Eritrea’s intelligence minister Yeman Ghebremeskel tweeted about Amnesty’s country bordering the Tigray region to the north. He accused them of making “hostile plans”.
Earlier this year, the Ethiopian government said three soldiers had been convicted and 25 had been charged with rape and other sexual violence. However, Amnesty said there was no information about these trials or other measures to punish those responsible.
A Justice Department spokesman did not respond to a request for an update on Wednesday’s investigation.
The Ethiopian government is investigating the atrocities jointly claimed by the United Nations Office for Human Rights and the government-created Ethiopian Human Rights Commission, but has blocked human rights researchers from entering the Tigray area.